Do I need to have an EORI number for international shipping?
What is an EORI number?
An EORI number ('Economic Operator Registration and Identification') is a European Union registration and identification number for businesses and individuals that undertake the import or export of goods into or out of the EU or UK.
Who needs an EORI number?
EORI applies only to businesses based in the UK or the EU (i.e artists). The artist is the exporter but the customer is not the importer so the EORI number needed is for the exporter only (the customer is not a business so they do not need an EORI)
If you are an artist based in the UK, exporting to a non-UK country (EU or else) you will need a GB EORI number, which you can apply for here.
If you are an artist based in the EU, exporting into the UK/non-UK country, you will need an EU EORI number and should apply with your local customs office.
It is our understanding that an EORI number is not needed when shipping from international to UK/EU, as the customer is still not an importer. But artists in those locations should contact their local customs offices/couriers to confirm what details may be needed.
What to do with the EORI number once you have it?
Include it on your commercial invoice and submit it electronically with your courier if possible when you book a shipment.
Information & Resources
Please see below a couple of links that you may find useful:
You are also able to pose the question on the EORI number directly to the courier you will be using. For example, DHL has information on EORI here: https://dhlguide.co.uk/eori/.
To contact the UK HMRC EORI team you can fill out an online form, call HMRC on 0300 322 9434, or send a letter to HM Revenue and Customs - CITEX Written Enquiry Team, Local Compliance S0000, Newcastle, NE98 1ZZ.
Artfinder artists discussed the EORI number on the forum here too, if you would like to have a look.